Artificial intelligence is being used every day in today’s society. Many don’t believe it. Many are dismissive of the idea of artificial intelligence. Their argument is often similar in nature to John Searle’s “Chinese Room Argument”, which is often stated as follows:
Imagine a native English speaker who knows no Chinese locked in a room full of boxes of Chinese symbols (a database) together with a book of instructions for manipulating the symbols (the program). Imagine that people outside the room send in other Chinese symbols which, unknown to the person in the room, are questions in Chinese (the input). And imagine that by following the instructions in the program the man in the room is able to pass out Chinese symbols which are correct answers to the questions (the output). The program enables the person in the room to pass the Turing Test for understanding Chinese but he does not understand a word of Chinese.
(taken from Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Using this argument to argue against the existence of AI is missing the point entirely. John Searle does not argue that we cannot create artificial intelligence. His argument is that an artificial intelligence behaves inherently different to our intelligence, which is debatable but much less absurd.
Any object that can understanding a language would still serve to translate to and from that language. The entire point of the Turing Test is to define intelligence in a reasonable way. The Chinese Room that Searle describes, therefore, is indeed an artificial intelligence.